India is located in Southern Asia, bordering the Arabian Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Burma and Pakistan. Its geographical co-ordinates are 20 00 N, 77 00 E. It has a total area of 3,287,263 sq km. Its coastline stretches across 7,000 km. India shares its borders with Bangladesh 4,142 km, Bhutan 659 km, Burma 1,468 km, China 2,659 km, Nepal 1,770 km, Pakistan 3,190 km.
The climate in India varies from tropical monsoon in south to temperate in north. The India terrain is upland plain (Deccan Plateau) in south, flat to rolling plain along the Ganges, deserts in west, Himalayas in north. India is prone to natural hazards such as droughts; flash floods, as well as widespread and destructive flooding from monsoonal rains; severe thunderstorms; earthquakes. Some of the natural resources that can be found in India are coal (fourth-largest reserves in the world), iron ore, manganese, mica, bauxite, rare earth elements, titanium ore, chromite, natural gas, diamonds, petroleum, limestone, arable land.
The standard time of India is UTC+5.5 hours (ahead of/behind) the Coordinated Universal Time.
According to the 2014 census, India currently has a population of 1.24 Billion. Indias population is growing at the rate of 1.25% annually. Of the total population, 62.80% are literate.
The India economy has a GDP (PPP) of $4.99 trillion and a GDP growth rate of 3.20%. Its labor force amounts to 487.3 million. The agricultural products produced in India are rice, wheat, oilseed, cotton, jute, tea, sugarcane, lentils, onions, potatoes; dairy products, sheep, goats, poultry; fish.
With respect to trade, Indias exports are worth $313.2 billion , while its imports cost $467.5 billion. India mainly exports petroleum products, precious stones, machinery, iron and steel, chemicals, vehicles, apparel while it imports products such as crude oil, precious stones, machinery, fertilizer, iron and steel, chemicals. The India currency has an exchange rate of 58.68.
In terms of communication, India has 893.862 million cell phone users as of 2013 and there are 61.338 million internet users as of 2009.
For air transport, India has 346 airports and 45 heliports. The railways in India are stretched across 63,974 km while the roadways measure up to 4,689,842 km. On the other hand, the length of waterways is 14,500 km. Chennai, Jawaharal Nehru Port, Kandla, Kolkata (Calcutta), Mumbai (Bombay), Sikka, Vishakhapatnam are the major sea ports in India.