The predecessor of the South Eastern Railways was known as the Bengal Nagpur Railway and came into existence in the year 1887. In 1944, its management was taken over by the Government of India and in 1955 the South Eastern Railways was officially formed.
In its present form, it has a total of 2422 route kms and caters to the states of West Bengal, Jharkhand and Odisha. Electric Multiple Units (EMU) or local train services also run as part of the South Eastern Railway Network.
The Adra division serves the West Midnapur, Bankura, Purulia and Burdwan districts of West Bengal and the Dhanbad, Bokaro and Singhbhum districts of Jharkhand. Adra has been a part of this zone since 1889 as a part of the Bengal Nagpur Railway.
The Chakradharpur division extends through 3 districts of Jharkhand and 5 districts of Orissa and has a total of 750 route kms. This division has 88 stations and 2 major loco sheds at Tata and Bondamunda.
The Kharagpur division runs a total of 280 passenger trains a day over 749 route kms. It is spread over the states of Orissa, West Bengal and Jharkhand and contains the longest platform in the world at 1072.5 metres, which is the one at Kharagpur.
The Kharagpur workshop was established in 1898 and has grown to be the largest maintenance workshop of the Indian Railways. In 2004, it was awarded the ISO 9001:2000 certification.
The Ranchi division was formed in 2003 from the reorganization of the Adra and Chakradharpur divisions.
The Adra division is replete with heritage structures, including temples at Bishnupur and a palace at Kashipur, and is a very interesting place to visit for tourists interested in our country's rich history. The Chakradharpur district contains the economically interesting destination of Jamshedpur that experiences a lot of passenger and freight traffic.
The punctuality of the trains running on South Eastern Railways is a monitored metric and was found to be 97.2 % for the first three months of 2013-14.
In the Chakradharpur division of the South Eastern Railways, many small steps such as raising of the platform level at Chakradharpur, extension of the platform shelter at Rourkela and other stations, provision of foot-over bridges at 7 stations and provision of STD booths have gone a long way in improving the comfort level of passengers.
Computerized Reservation and Interactive Voice Response Systems (IVRS) are also available to make the enquiry and booking process simpler. The South Eastern Railways has also worked on improving the accident reporting and management mechanism.
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